Colleton County Fire-Rescue
Engine (Pumper) -
This complex unit has evolved over the last two centuries
from several different types of firefighting apparatus. The current model is
referred to as the triple combination pumper. The vehicle is comprised of a
motorized cab and chassis to carry the fire apparatus body, pump, hose and water
tank. Engines are the main firefighting apparatus used by fire departments
across the nation. The Engine carries its own water, a tremendous amount of
equipment, a variety of hoses and nozzles and many other firefighting
necessities. Most Colleton County Engines carry 1000 gallons of water and are
designed in a similar fashion.
This complex unit has evolved over the last two centuries from several different types of firefighting apparatus. The current model is referred to as the triple combination pumper. The vehicle is comprised of a motorized cab and chassis to carry the fire apparatus body, pump, hose and water tank. Engines are the main firefighting apparatus used by fire departments across the nation. The Engine carries its own water, a tremendous amount of equipment, a variety of hoses and nozzles and many other firefighting necessities. Most Colleton County Engines carry 1000 gallons of water and are designed in a similar fashion.
|The main water supply apparatus in rural firefighting,
these types of vehicles vary in size and design depending on the needs of the
community it serves. In
The primary purpose of the tanker is to supply water to the Engine. This is accomplished in two ways. The tanker can pump water to the Engine through large fire hoses directly from its fire pump or a Water Shuttle operation can be performed. For most residential house fires, the pumping method is used. For any sustained operations, where large quantities of water will be needed, the water shuttle method must be performed.
Water Shuttle Operation -
When large volumes of water
are needed, a Fire Department Officer may make the decision to set up a Water
Shuttle Operation. As the name implies, several tankers shuttle water to a fire
scene. It is an actual operation and requires several units and manpower
separate from the firefighting effort. In
The first Tanker to arrive at
the fire scene leaves a 2500-gallon portable tank at the fire scene. It then
dumps its full load of water into the tank. Tanker 1 then drives to the nearby,
pre-determined water point, such as a pond, to be refilled by another Engine who
has set to draft water from the pond. This water supply engine uses its large
suction hoses to draft water from the water source and then pumps the water
through smaller hoses (3 inch to 5 inch diameter) to a waiting Tanker. The
Engine at the fire scene, drafts the water out of the portable tank for use it
in the firefighting effort. As the water level drops, the second tanker arrives
and dumps its load of water, then drives to the nearby pond to be refilled. The
remaining responding tankers do the same. The system works by having one Tanker
at the scene of the fire, one Tanker refilling and two Tankers in transit,
working in a continuous cycle or “Shuttle”. The process requires at a
minimum seven firefighters to make it work. Two at the fill site to operate the
Engine drafting water at the pond/river, one driver in each Tanker and at least
one water supply officer at the fire scene to manage the dumping process. The
water supply officer’s sole job is to manage the water shuttle operation so
the firefighting Engine never runs out of water. If the need arises, additional
tankers can be added to the water shuttle operation or an entirely separate
water shuttle operation can be run if a large amount of water is needed. This
would of course require an additional Engine for another pond/river and four
Service Truck / Squads -
|Specialized vehicles are used
to fill the capacity of Rescue Trucks or Service Trucks. In
Colleton County operates two
Heavy Rescue trucks. Rescue 1, the larger of the two trucks, responds out
of Station # 1 in the center of the county, while Rescue 18 responds from
Station # 18 on the west side of the county. The two apparatus have the
primary purpose of responding to incidents where a person may be trapped
or to support incident operations at other types of emergencies. This
would include vehicle accidents, machinery, trench or high angle rescues.
Both units carry basically the same compliment of equipment and a
multitude of specialized rescue gear. This includes Holmatro hydraulic
extrication tools, ropes, cribbing, hand tools, climbing gear, large
generators and a light tower for illuminating emergency scenes at night.
Rescue 1 is equipped with a
mobile breathing air compressor. The compressor can operate for long
periods at emergency scenes to refill compressed air cylinders (SCBA) and
station cascade systems. Rescue 18 is equipped with a four cylinder
cascade system, which fills a similar purpose, but has a limited supply of
||This vehicle was designed and modified by the County Fleet Management Department to meet the specific needs of the Fire-Rescue Hazardous Materials Response Team. The vehicle carries a multitude of specialized analytical equipment, special chemical suits and items to enter and stabilize an emergency scene involving many hazardous materials.|
Platform / Quint -
/ Medic Unit
Aircraft Rescue Fire Fighting (ARFF) Vehicle
Colleton County utilizes an E-One Titan II Aircraft Rescue Fire Fighting (ARFF) truck primarily to respond to emergencies in and around the Lowcountry Regional Airport. This versatile firefighting vehicle, is self sustained, carrying 1500 gallons of water and 190 gallons of foam concentrate. Like most modern ARFF vehicles, it is equipped with electronic controls to enable firefighters to combat aircraft fires from the safety of the cab. Colleton County's ARFF is also equipped with an exterior structural pump panel to allow the unit to be used for other purposes. It is also equipped with two pre-connected 1-3/4" handlines, a booster reel and a variety of hand tools.
The vehicle is not limited to only airport use. With it's ability to flow large volumes of firefighting foam, the ARFF is extremely useful on all fuel fires, incidents involving tanker trucks and with it's ability to go off road, it can also be used on large wildland fires.
Water Rescue Vehicle
Fire-Rescue operates a 19' Carolina Skiff for search & rescue missions and dive/recovery operations on the inland waterways. With the County being surrounded on three sides by rivers and the Atlantic Ocean to the south, the flat bottom Skiff serves the department well. With its low draft, the boat is able to transverse shallow inlets, support dive operations and is useful in searching for missing boaters and/or rafters. The US Coast Guard is utilized for any ocean going operations.
First Response Units
Fire-Rescue utilizes a variety of vehicles as medical first response units. With all personnel being cross-trained as firefighters and EMTs (Paramedic, Intermediate or Basic) all staff vehicles carry life saving emergency medical equipment the same as the department's ambulances. These multi-purpose vehicles serve as Command Posts, Emergency Medical First Response Units and crew transport vehicles. Each is equipped with a heavy duty winch for rescue/recovery operations, four wheel drive to transverse adverse road conditions during time of emergencies/poor weather and/or off road operations and towing ability for the transport of the departments boat, mass casualty trailer, foam trailer or fire & life safety education trailer.
The F-250 pickup trucks are also wired for the quick installation of skid units (portable 150 to 250 gallon wild land firefighting units) that can be quickly installed within minutes, to convert the pickup truck into a wildlands firefighting unit.